Foundations Unit

How to Lie with Statistics

How to Lie With Statistics

From 1954, a timeless classic on the misuses of statistics. While over 50 years old, the examples given are still very relevant today. This is an excellent introductory text for the student who needs to be an intelligent user of statistical data. The book remains relevant as a wake-up call for people unaccustomed to examining the endless flow of numbers pouring from Wall Street, Madison Avenue, and everywhere else someone has an axe to grind, a point to prove, or a product to sell.
USED WITH: CRITICAL THINKING DAY 3: STATISTICAL LITERACY

View the text (pdf)

Hobbes and Locke

Thomas Hobbes and John Locke

Thomas Hobbes published Leviathan in 1651, at the end of the English Civil War. He argued that man was fundamentally selfish and that the best government was a strong, centralized monarchy. John Locke, writing a few decades later, held that governments can only derive their power from the consent of the governed and that governments exist to protect our natural rights. Both their primary texts are available for download here. The reader is warned that while Locke is a clear, lucid writer - Hobbes is difficult and never avoids using ten words where one would do.
USED WITH: ENLIGHTENMENT DAY 1: THE ENGLISH REVOLUTION

LEVIATHAN (pdf) TWO TREATISES (pdf)