Foundations Unit

Hobbes and Locke

Thomas Hobbes and John Locke

Thomas Hobbes published Leviathan in 1651, at the end of the English Civil War. He argued that man was fundamentally selfish and that the best government was a strong, centralized monarchy. John Locke, writing a few decades later, held that governments can only derive their power from the consent of the governed and that governments exist to protect our natural rights. Both their primary texts are available for download here. The reader is warned that while Locke is a clear, lucid writer - Hobbes is difficult and never avoids using ten words where one would do.
USED WITH: ENLIGHTENMENT DAY 1: THE ENGLISH REVOLUTION

LEVIATHAN (pdf) TWO TREATISES (pdf)